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|Title:||Evaluation of a Simple Spatially Explicit Model of Atmospheric Transport of Pollutants in Europe|
|Authors:||PISTOCCHI Alberto; GALMARINI Stefano|
|Citation:||ENVIRONMENTAL MODELING & ASSESSMENT vol. 15 no. 1 p. 37-51|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||In recent years, initiatives of the European chemical industry lead to the development of a 9 simplified, spatially explicit, continental scale atmospheric transport model called 10 ADEPT. After a description of the model and its assumptions, we compare results for 11 NOx, SOx, and benzene with existing atmospheric concentration observations, and with 12 the box model which is at the basis of the well known European Union System for the 13 Evaluation of Substances (EUSES); moreover, we provide an interpretation of the 14 ADEPT model in terms of extremely simple analytical models, which can be used to 15 approximate atmospheric transport at the continental scale from a generic distribution of 16 emission sources. Based on these results, we recommend the use of the ADEPT model in 17 place of traditional box models for screening level calculations, when the focus is on the 18 effects of emissions far from the source. The ADEPT model may be mimicked by a 19 simplified Gaussian model for a first assessment at the continental scale, when dealing 20 with emissions following a spatial distribution different from the one of population 21 density assumed in ADEPT. The widely used box models may provide results similar to 22 the ones of ADEPT, when the latter are averaged over sufficiently large regions.|
|JRC Institute:||Sustainable Resources|
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