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|Title:||Does Formal Education have an Impact on Active Citizenship Behaviour?|
|Authors:||HOSKINS Bryony Louise; D'HOMBRES Beatrice; CAMPBELL Joann|
|Citation:||European Educational Research Journal vol. 7 no. 3 p. 386-402|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||In the European context Active citizenship  has been promoted within the education and training Lisbon Strategy as a tool to support the continuation of democracy, human rights and greater social inclusion. In this article we analyse the impact of education on Active Citizenship and contribute to the existing debates relating to education levels and participation. Our results uniformly suggest that there is a significant democratic return associated with formal education. Indeed, using a large sample of individuals from the 2006/2007 European Social Survey, we find that education is positively and significantly correlated with Active Citizenship behaviour. Tertiary education has by far the biggest impact and this impact is the strongest for the domain of Protest. The findings are robust to the introduction of a large set of control variables and to alternative measures of educational attainment.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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