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|Title:||Atomic Force Microscopy Characterization of the Chemical Contrast of Nanoscale Patterns Fabricated by Electron Beam Lithography on Polyethylene Glycol Oxide Thin Films|
|Authors:||SIRGHI Lucel; BRETAGNOL Frederic; MORNET Stephane; GILLILAND Douglas; COLPO Pascal; ROSSI Francois; SASAKI T.|
|Citation:||ULTRAMICROSCOPY vol. 109 no. 3 p. 222-229|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The present paper shows that atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging of friction force and phase lag in ambient air can be used to characterize the chemical contrast induced by electron beam (EB) irradiation on polyethylene glycol oxide (PEO) surface. Time-of-flight secondary emission mass spectroscopy measurements showed that the EB irradiation generates chemical contrast on PEO surface by decreasing the ether bond density. The AFM measurements showed smaller phase lag and lower friction and adhesive forces on the EB irradiated PEO surface, as compared to the non-irradiated PEO surface. While the chemical contrast in friction force had a linear dependence on the EB irradiation dose, the dependence of the chemical contrast in the phase lag was strongly non-linear. As the friction and adhesive forces depended on the AFM probe hydrophilicity and air humidity, the contrast in friction and adhesive forces is ascribed to different capillary condensation of ambient water vapour at the AFM tip contact with the EB irradiated and non-irradiated PEO surfaces, respectively.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Health and Consumer Protection|
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