Title: Physics and Safety of Advanced Research Reactors
Authors: VON DER HARDT PeterBOENING Klaus
Citation: Nucl. Instr. and Methods in Physics Research vol. A260 no. 1 p. 239-246
Publication Year: 1987
JRC Publication N°: JRC5099
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC5099
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: ADVANCED RESEARCH REACTOR CONCEPTS ARE PRESENTLY BEING DEVELPPED IN ORDER TO MEET THE NEUTRON-BASED RESEARCH NEEDS OF THE NINETIES. AMONG THESE RESEARCH REACTORS, WHICH ARE CHARACTERIZED BY AN AVERAGE POWER DENSITY OF 1 - 10 MW PER LITER, HIGHEST PRIORITY IS NOW GENERALLY GIVEN TO THE BEAM TUBE REAC- TORS. THESE PROVIDE VERY HIGH VALUES OF THE THERMAL NEUTRON FLUX (1014 - 1016 CM-2S-1) IN A LARGE VOLUME OUTSIDE OF THE REACTOR CORE, WHICH CAN BE USED FOR SAMPLE IRRADIATIONS AND, IN PARTICULAR, FOR NEUTRON SCATTERING EXPERIMENTS. THE PAPER FIRST DISCUSSES THE INVERSE FLUX TRAP CONCEPT AND THE MAIN PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF THE DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF BEAM TUBE REACTORS. AFTER THAT TWO EXAMPLES OF ADVANCED RESEARCH REACTOR PROJECTS ARE DESCRIBED WHICH MAY BE CONSIDERED AS TWO OPPOSITE EXTREMES WITH RESPECT TO THE PHYSICAL OPTIMIZATION PRINCIPLE JUST MENTIONED. THE PRESENT SITUATION CONCERNING CROSS SECTION LIBRARIES AND NEUTRONIC COMPUTER CODES IS MORE OR LESS SATISFACTORY. THE SAFETY ANALYSES OF ADVANCED RESEARCH REACTORS CAN LARGELY BE UPDATED FROM THOSE OF CURRENT NEW DESIGNS, PARTIALLY TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE IMMENSE VOLUME OF WORK DONE FOR POWER REACTORS. THE PAPER INDICATES A FEW AREAS WHERE GENE- RIC PROBLEMS FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH REACTOR SAFETY ARE TO BE SOLVED
JRC Institute:Joint Research Centre Historical Collection

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