Title: External Costs of Transportation. Case Study: Maritime Transport
Authors: MIOLA ApolloniaPACCAGNAN VaniaMANNINO IldaMASSARUTTO AntonioPERUJO MATEOS DEL PARQUE AdolfoTURVANI Margherita
Publisher: OP
Publication Year: 2009
JRC N°: JRC51275
ISBN: 978-92-79-12534-8
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 23837 EN
OPOCE LB-NA-23837-EN-C
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC51275
DOI: 10.2788/18349
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: A sustainable transport system needs a cost accounting and full cost-pricing systems reflecting economic factors which originate from transport activity inhibiting sustainable development (namely, externalities; spillover effects and non-priced inter-sectorial linkages; public goods; uncompetitive markets; myopic planning horizons and high discount rates; risk and uncertainty, irreversibility and policy failures) (Panaytou, 1992). The evaluation of the impacts of transport enables policy analysis to formulate tools to avoid, reduce or compensate such costs, as well as to make optimal trade-off between environmental protection and other economic and social objectives (Quinet, 2003). In particular, there is a consensus that environmental effects (externalities) should be included in the assessment of projects and policies in order to define effective policy instruments for dealing with pollution entailed by transport. This report defines a comprehensive framework for the assessment of maritime external costs that has been chosen as case study. In order to do so, this report is organized in two sections: (i) identification of all environmental impacts of maritime transport (at sea and in ports) and a detailed analysis for those already studied in previous researches in literature; (ii)Estimation of identified environmental impacts focusing on those related to air pollutants.
JRC Institute:Institute for Environment and Sustainability

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