Title: Exploitation of Ship Scattering in Polarimetric SAR for an Improved Classification Under High Clutter Conditions
Authors: MARGARIT GerardMALLORQUI JordiFORTUNY GUASCH JoaquimLOPEZ Carlos
Citation: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING vol. 47 no. 4 p. 1224-1235
Publisher: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Publication Year: 2009
JRC N°: JRC51455
ISSN: 0196-2892
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC51455
DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2008.2008721
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: This paper evaluates the potentialities of polarimetric ship scattering for basing classi¿cation methods that provide reasonable performance within cluttered scenes. Both simulated and airborne polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images have been used to validate the conclusions of a previous phenomenological study. Numerical simulations have been carried out with GRECOSAR, a polarimetric interferometric SAR simulation tool that is able to process highly complex targets with a fast and accurate radar-cross-section prediction module. A representative set of scenarios has been de¿ned, which includes various realistic ship models, sea states, and imaging geometries. In all of them, a two-scale sea surface model precisely accounting for sea¿ship interaction and sea clutter has been added. The analysis of different images has shown that, with an adequate spatial resolution, ships may be characterized by a particular spatial arrangement and polarization state distribution of dominant scattering centers. This feature has allowed one to propose a new classification algorithm, which shows a promising behavior after various preliminary tests. In this paper, the performance of this technique is further evaluated with realistic clutter. The results show that robust classi¿cation is possible even in highly cluttered scenes if quad-pol imagery is available. On the contrary, in low clutter conditions, the usage of less restrictive solutions, like circular dual-pol schemes, is feasible and may still get an acceptable performance.
JRC Institute:Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen

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