Title: Phenomenological Vessel Scattering Study Based on Simulated Inverse SAR Imagery
Authors: MARGARIT GerardMALLORQUI JordiFORTUNY GUASCH JoaquimLOPEZ Carlos
Citation: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING vol. 47 no. 4 p. 1212-1223
Publisher: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Publication Year: 2009
JRC N°: JRC51456
ISSN: 0196-2892
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC51456
DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2008.2008443
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: This paper presents a study on the origin of the dominating scattering mechanisms observed in polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images of ships. The study has been made by using numerical simulations, which have been carried out with a radar cross section (RCS) prediction tool (GRaphical Electromagnetic COmputing) and a SAR simulator. Extensive series of simulations has been run for realistic 3-D geometrical models of ships with various sizes. Different radar parameters, aspect angles, and sea surface states have been considered in the scenario. Data analysis with coherent target decompositions has indicated characteristic polarimetric signatures for particular ships within a speci¿c range of viewing angles. This happens at highly oblique incidences where the responses appear to be less sensitive to changes in the operating frequency and bearing angles. Under such conditions, ship scattering can be schematized by the distribution of a set of guide scatterers with high RCS. Their positions and polarimetric characteristics are quantitatively summarized in a new feature vector, which has been proposed to be the basis for classi¿cation algorithms. Key ideas about this vector are presented at the end of this paper, jointly with some examples related to three different ships. Recent publications have shown that they can be successfully cast within a new unsupervised vessel classi¿cation scheme.
JRC Institute:Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen

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