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|Title:||Nuclear Safeguards and Nuclear Security Related TACIS Projects Implemented by the JRC|
|Authors:||DAURES Pascal; MAYER Klaus; CROMBOOM Omer; FRIGOLA Pierre; JANSSENS Willem; JARMALAVICIUTE Jurgita|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Following the breakdown of the former Soviet Union, the European Commission (EC) initiated a Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States, the TACIS support programme. In the initial phase, essentially, nuclear safety projects were funded under the TACIS programme. From 1994, projects related to nuclear safeguards were included in the TACIS programme. Since then, nine projects have been implemented in three recipient countries (Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Ukraine) within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) by two institutes: the Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) ¿ Ispra (Italy) and the Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) ¿ Karlsruhe (Germany). After 10 years, the successful EC-CIS cooperation has evolved from a demand-driven to a discussiondriven relationship in areas of mutual interest and benefit. The new programme, taking into account new international threats, includes combating of illicit trafficking while sustaining past initiatives within an enlarged international cooperation. This new programme deploys 14 projects in 7 countries. This paper presents the results of past collaboration, the follow-up programme being implemented and gives an overview of the JRC expertise which can be utilized in a new nuclear safeguards and security programme. Keywords: nuclear safeguards, nuclear security, illicit trafficking|
|JRC Institute:||Space, Security and Migration|
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