Title: Building Height Retrieval From VHR SAR Imagery Based on an Iterative Simulation and Matching Technique
Authors: BRUNNER DominikLEMOINE GuidoBRUZZONE LorenzoGREIDANUS Harm
Citation: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING vol. 48 no. 3 p. 1487-1504
Publisher: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC52619
ISSN: 0196-2892
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC52619
DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2009.2031910
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: Experimental airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems achieve spatial resolutions of approximately 10 cm, whereas the new spaceborne very high spatial resolution (VHR) SAR sensors onboard the TerraSAR-X and COSMO-SkyMed satellites achieve spatial resolutions down to 1 meter. In VHR SAR data, features from individual urban structures (i.e. buildings) can be identified by their characteristic settings in urban settlement patterns. In this paper, we present a novel concept for the height estimation of generic man made structures from single detected SAR data. The proposed approach is based on the definition of a hypothesis on the height of the building and on the simulation of a SAR image for testing that hypothesis. A matching procedure is applied between the estimated and the actual SAR image in order to test the height hypothesis. The process is iterated for different height assumptions until the matching function is optimized and thus the building height is estimated. The efficiency of the proposed method is demonstrated on a set of 40 flat- and gable roof buildings using two sub-meter VHR airborne and two one-meter resolution TerraSAR-X SAR scenes all acquired from the same residential area in Dorsten, Germany. The results show that, in the absence of string disturbing effects, the method is able to estimate the height of flat and gable roof buildings in the sub-meter data to the order of a meter, while the accuracy for the meter resolution spaceborne data is lower but still sufficient to estimate the number of floors of a building.
JRC Institute:Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.