Title: Neutron Flux from a 14-MeV Neutron Generator with Tungsten Filter for Research in NDA Methods for Nuclear Safeguards and Security
Citation: AIP Conference Proceedings vol. 1194 p. 36-42
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Publication Year: 2009
JRC N°: JRC52792
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC52792
DOI: 10.1063/1.3275663
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The Joint Research Centre has taken into operation a new experimental device designed for research in the fields of nuclear safeguards and security applications. The research projects currently undertaken include detection of shielded contraband materials, detection of fissile materials, and mass determination of small fissile materials in shielded containers. The device, called the Pulsed Neutron Interrogation Test Assembly (PUNITA), incorporates a pulsed 14-MeV (D-T) neutron generator and a large graphite mantle surrounding the sample cavity. By pulsing the neutron generator with a frequency in the range of 10 to 150 Hz, a sample may be interrogated first by fast neutrons and a few hundred micro-seconds later by a pure thermal neutron flux. The permanent detection systems incorporated in PUNITA include 3He neutrons detectors, HPGe gamma detectors, and lanthanum bromide scintillation detectors. We have studied the effects of placing a tungsten liner around the neutron generator target. The 14-MeV neutrons induce (n, 2n) and (n, 3n) reactions. In addition the mean neutron energy emitted from generator/tungsten assembly is reduced to about 1 MeV. Both of these effects increase the thermal neutron flux in the sample cavity. The paper describes the observed advantages of the tungsten liner with respect to increase in thermal flux, and better shielding capabilities of the nearby gamma and neutron detectors.
JRC Institute:Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen

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