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|Title:||A Comparison of Parameterized, Simulated and Measured Turbulent Mixing in the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea|
|Authors:||LILOVER Madis; STIPS Adolf|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Physical Processes in Natural Waters - ISBN 978-88-903895-0-4 p. 10|
|Publisher:||University of Palermo|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Three time series of shear microstructure measurements (duration 13, 24 and 14 h respectively) have been performed in 3 different wind forcing regimes as well as in 3 different background density stratification and current velocity shear situations at the entrance to the Gulf of Finland, in July 1998. Vertical shear of current velocity was enhanced by near-inertial waves during the first (A1) and the third (A3) time series, the background stratification weakened continuously from A1 toward A3. We compared eddy diffusivities based on the Richardson number parameterization and eddy diffusivities simulated using the two equation k-e turbulence closure (General Ocean Turbulence Model, GOTM) with the ¿measured¿ ones. For two out of the three time series the eddy diffusivities calculated via the Richardson number parameterization and via the k-e model simulation agreed well with the experimental data. However, summing up the discrepancy of all three time series both methods resulted in a remarkable and consistent bias against the measured eddy diffusivity. On the contrary, the calculations with a new parameterization scheme, which considers the internal wave kinetic energy fitted well for all three time series. Similarly the modified k-e simulations which considered the internal wave energy level matched better the measured profiles.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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