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|Title:||Non-destructive Bulk Analysis of the Buggenum Sword by Neutron Resonance Capture Analysis and Neutron Diffraction|
|Authors:||POSTMA Hans; AMKREUTZ Luc; BORELLA Alessandro; CLARIJS Martijn; KAMERMANS Hans; KOCKELMANN Winfried; PARADOWSKA Anna; SCHILLEBEECKX Peter; VISSER Dirk|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF RADIOANALYTICAL AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY vol. 283 no. 3 p. 641-652|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Two neutron based techniques, neutron-resonance-capture-analysis (NRCA) and time-of-flight neutron-diffraction (TOF-ND) have been used to determine the elemental composition and structure of a precious and very well preserved all-metal ceremonial sword of the Bronze-Age period. This Buggenam sword was on loan from the National Museum of Antiquities (NMA) in Leiden (NL). NRCA and TOF-ND experiments have been carried out at different positions of the sword. The tin-bronze ratio and the relative amounts of some minor elements (Sb, As, Ag, In) have been determined. The results of neutron diffraction measurements showed considerable tin-segregation and clear indications of hardening on the edge of the blade. In addition, radiographs using Bremsstrahlung revealed the construction of the hilt-blade connection. The work was carried out at the EC Joint Research Centre IRMM in Geel (B) and at the ISIS facility of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (UK).|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements|
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