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|Title:||An Integrated Evaluation of Thirteen Modelling Solutions for the Generation of Hourly Values of Air Relative Humidity|
|Authors:||BREGAGLIO Simone; DONATELLI Marcello; CONFALONIERI Roberto; ACUTIS Marco; ORLANDINI Simone|
|Citation:||THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY vol. 102 no. 3 p. 429-438|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The availability of hourly air relative humidity (HARH) data is a key requirement for the estimation of epidemic dynamics of plant fungal pathogens, in particular for the simulation of both the germination of the spores and the infection process. Most of the existing epidemic forecasting models require these data as input directly or indirectly, in the latter case for the estimation of leaf wetness duration. In many cases, HARH must be generated because it is not available in historical series, and when there is the need to simulate epidemics either on a wide scale or with different climate scenarios. Thirteen modelling solutions (MS) for the generation of this variable were evaluated, with different inputs requirement and alternative approaches, on a large dataset including several sites and years. A composite index was developed using fuzzy logic to compare and to evaluate the performances of the models. The indicator consists of four modules: Accuracy, Correlation, Pattern, and Robustness. Results showed that, when available, daily maximum and minimum air relative humidity data substantially improved the estimation of HARH. When such data are not available, the choice of the MS is crucial. given the difference in predicting skills obtained during the analysis, which allowed a clear detection of the best performing MS. This study represents the first step of the creation of a robust modelling chain coupling the MS for the generation of HARH and disease forecasting models, aiming at an improvement and an enhancement of their use through the systematic validation of each step of the simulation.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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