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|Title:||Satellite Based Information to Support European Crisis Response|
|Authors:||VOIGT Stefan; TRNKA Jiri; KEMPER Thomas; RIEDLINGER Torsten; HUSSON Andre|
|Type:||Articles in books|
|Abstract:||This chapter presents a critical review of current state of development of European capacities in the domain of satellite based information for civil crisis response in Europe and worldwide. New global security challenges require new technological solutions to answer the civilian security monitoring tasks of an enlarged European Community, acting in a more globalised world. Different crisis types and patterns require different analysis and response capacities. Various initiatives and projects exist today, which work towards European satellite analysis capacities for civil security issues. Mechanisms like the International Charter ¿Space and Major Disasters¿, the EC initiative on Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) or the Group on Earth Observation Systems of Systems (GEOSS) provide a basis for forging and expanding such capacities. Today, especially the scientific community and research initiatives provide substantial information support and analytical capacities to member states and the bodies of the European Community. One very interesting and promising tool to further develop satellite intelligence for civil security issues through the conduct of coordinated analytical exercises in distributed research networks and thus to test strengths and weaknesses of the current state of the art technology and methods available. It can be concluded that the first elements of a European civil security analysis infrastructure are materializing; however, further efforts and coordination mechanisms are necessary to build respective operational and fully analytical and coherently acting capacities within Europe.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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