Title: Prompt Gamma-Ray Emission in Nuclear Fission
Authors: OBERSTEDT StephanBILLNERT RobertBORCEA RuxandraHAMBSCH Franz-JosefKARLSSON JohanOBERSTEDT Andreas
Citation: Proceedings of the IAEA Technical Meeting in Collaboration with NEA on Specific Applications of Research Reactors: Provision of Nuclear Data p. 95-103
Publisher: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC54940
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC54940
Type: Contributions to Conferences
Abstract: A challenging task within the modelling of new generation reactor neutron kinetics is the calculation of the gamma-heat deposition e. g. in steel and ceramics reflectors without UO2 blankets, which is required to be known with an uncertainty as low as 7.5%. A major difficulty in measuring prompt gamma-ray emission in fission is the competition between gamma-ray emission and prompt neutron evaporation during fission-fragment de-excitation and the suppression of background gamma-rays induced by those neutrons in the gamma-ray detector. A common method is to distinguish between gamma-rays and neutrons by their different times of flight, which however is limited by the timing resolution of the detector (not better than 5 ns for sodium-iodine detectors). A promising experimental approach seems to be the use of recently developed cerium-doped lanthanum halide crystal scintillation detectors in conjunction with an ultra-fast fission event trigger based on artificial diamonds. This is the report on recent detector suitability studies being carried out at the European Commission Joint Research Centre IRMM, which are dedicated to new and accurate measurements of fission gamma-ray data.
JRC Institute:Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements

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