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|Title:||The experience of Environmental Impact Assessment of marine harbours in Estonia: legal aspects, methods used and main outcomes|
|Authors:||JAERVIK A.; RAID Tiit|
|Citation:||IMAM2009 - Towards the Sustainable Marine Technology and Transportation - Proceedings vol. 3 p. 837-843|
|Publisher:||ITU Faculty of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Istanbul|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||App. 3 700 km long coastline of Estonia, split with numerous bays provides excellent natural preconditions for cargo and fishing harbours. There is a considerable number of locations, well sheltered from heavy weather but with relatively shallow water and the building or renovation of harbours require, additionally to the building of piers, terminals etc , significant amounts of dredging and dumping,., evolving the potentially high risk of environmental impacts. In order to mitigate these environmental risks, the conduction of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) has been obligatory according to the national and EU legislation. The paper describes the EIA procedures and methods deployed in Estonia in 1990-2000s with respect to the specific aspects of various activities of harbours, with the special respect to the possible impacts on Natura 2000 sites and species. The proposed special additional investigations and their efficiency are also discussed. The limits on time schedule for dredging and dumping, the recommendations on dredging technology as well as selection of ecologically safe spoil grounds can be pinpointed as the main mitigation measures of negative impacts suggested in EIA-s. Additionally, often the special monitoring programmes have been proposed and carried out within the framework of EIAs.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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