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|Title:||Source Apportionment of Urban Fine and Ultra-fine Particle Number Concentration in a Western Mediterranean City|
|Authors:||PEY Jorge; QUEROL Xavier; ALASTUEY Andres; RODRIGUEZ Sergio; PUTAUD Jean-Philippe; VAN DINGENEN Rita|
|Citation:||ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT vol. 43 p. 4407-4415|
|Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Extensive measurements on particle number concentration and size distribution (13¿800 nm), together with detailed chemical composition of PM2.5 have constituted the main inputs of the database used for a source apportionment analysis. Data were collected at an urban background site in Barcelona, Western Mediterranean. The source identification analysis helped us to distinguish five emission sources (vehicle exhausts, mineral dust, sea spray, industrial source and fuel-oil combustion) and two atmospheric processes (photochemical induced nucleation and regional/urban background particles derived from coagulation and condensation processes). After that, a multilinear regression analysis was applied in order to quantify the contribution of each factor. This study reveals that vehicle exhausts contribute dominantly to the number concentration in all the particle sizes (52¿86%), but especially in the range 30¿200 nm. This work also points out the importance of the regional and/or urban formed aerosols (secondary inorganic particles) on the total number concentration (around 25% of the total number), with a higher impact on the accumulation mode. The photo-chemically induced nucleation of aerosols only represents a small proportion of the total number as an annual mean (3%), but is very relevant when considering only the nucleation mode (13¿20 nm) fraction (23%). The other sources recognized registered sporadic contributions to the total number, coinciding with specific meteorological scenarios. This study discloses the main sources and features affecting and controlling the fine and ultra-fine aerosols in a typical city in the Western Mediterranean coast. Whereas the road traffic appears to be the most important source of sub-micrometric aerosols, other sources may not be negligible under specific meteorological conditions.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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