Title: An Intercomparisation of CFD Models to Predict Lean and Non-Uniform Hydrogen Mixture Explosions
Authors: MAKAROV DmitriyVERBECKE FrankMOLKOV VladimirKOTCHOURKO AlexeiLELYAKIN AlexanderYANEZ JorgeBARALDI DanieleHEITSCH MatthiasEFIMENKO AlexanderGAVRIKOV Andrej
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY vol. 35 no. 11 p. 5754-5762
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publication Year: 2010
JRC Publication N°: JRC55814
ISSN: 0360-3199
URI: www.elsevier.com/locate/he
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC55814
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.02.105
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: The paper describes an exercise on comparison of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models to predict deflagrations of a lean uniform hydrogen-air mixture and a mixture with hydrogen concentration gradient. The exercise was conducted within the work-package "Standard Benchmark Exercise Problem" of the EC funded Network of Excellence "Hydrogen Safety as an Energy Carrier", which seeks to provide necessary accuracy in the area of applied hydrogen safety simulations. The experiments on hydrogen-air mixture deflagrations in a closed 1.5 m in diameter and 5.7 m high cylindrical vessel were chosen as a benchmark problem to validate CFD codes and combustion models used for prediction of hazards in safety engineering. Simulations of two particular experiments with approximately the same amount of hydrogen were conducted: deflagration of a uniform 12.8% vol. hydrogen mixture and deflagration of a non-uniform hydrogen mixture, corresponding to an average12.6% vol. hydrogen concentration (27% at the top of the vessel, 2.5% at the bottom of the vessel) with ignition at the top of the vessel in both cases. The comparison of the simulation results for pressure and flame dynamics against the experimental data is reported.
JRC Institute:Institute for Energy and Transport

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