Title: Explosions in complex geometries - a comparison of several approaches
Authors: LARCHER MartinCASADEI Folco
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2010
JRC Publication N°: JRC57322
ISBN: 978-92-79-15245-0
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 24288 EN
OPOCE LB-NA-24288-EN-C
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC57322
DOI: 10.2788/73796
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: For the design and calculation of structures loaded by air blast waves, especially from inside the structure, assumptions on the applied load are needed. This paper presents several simulation methods for the air blast loading of structures and their ability to be used for complex geometries. Experimental-analytical pressure-time functions of spherical load conditions applied to the structure by disregarding the air are not applicable in such cases because they do not account for reflections, shadowing and channelling effects. Fluid calculations, which model also the solid explosive, are very expensive due to the extremely small elements for the explosive and the air nearby. This paper therefore presents a review of a well-known simulation method, which uses a balloon with compressed air instead of the explosive. A procedure is developed which makes it possible to determine the overpressure of such a balloon for a given size of the explosive more accurately than before. The pressure-time function and the impulse-distance function of calculations using this method show good correspondence with experimental-analytical data. The functioning of the method is verified against experimental results.
JRC Institute:Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen

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