Title: Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent Declines
Authors: BUTCHART Stuart H. M.WALPOLE MattCOLLEN BenVAN STRIEN ArcoSCHARLEMANN Jörn P. W.DENTENER FranciscusALMOND Rosamunde E. A.BAILLIE, Jonathan E. M.BOMHARD BastianBROWN ClaireBRUNO JohnCARPENTER, Kent E.CARR Geneviève M.CHANSON JaniceCHENERY Anna M.CSIRKE JorgeDAVIDSON Nick C.FOSTER MattGALLI AlessandroGALLOWAY James N.GENOVESI PieroGREGORY Richard D.HOCKINGS MarcKAPOS ValerieLAMARQUE Jean-FrancoisLEVERINGTON FionaLOH JonathanMCGEOCH Melodie A.MCRAE LouiseMINASYAN AnahitHERNÁNDEZ MORCILLO MonicaOLDFIELD Thomasina E. E.PAULY DanielQUADER SuhelREVENGA CarmenSAUER John R.SKOLNIK BenjaminSPEAR DianSTANWELL-SMITH DamonSTUART Simon N.SYMES AndyTIERNEY MeganTYRRELL Tristan D.VIÉ Jean-ChristopheWATSON Reg
Citation: SCIENCE vol. 328 no. 5982 p. 1164-1168
Publisher: AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC57613
ISSN: 0036-8075
URI: www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/science.1187512/DC1
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC57613
DOI: 10.1126/science.1187512
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: In 2002, world leaders committed themselves to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. We compiled 31 indicators within the framework developed by the Convention on Biological Diversity to report on this target. Most indicators of the state of biodiversity (covering species¿ population trends, habitat extent/condition and community composition) show declines, with no significant reductions in rate, individually or aggregated. Species¿ extinction risk has also increased at an accelerating rate. Indicators of pressures on biodiversity (covering resource consumption, invasive alien species [IAS], nitrogen pollution, over-exploitation and climate change impacts) show increasing trends, with no significant reductions in rate. This is despite some local system-specific successes and increasing trends for response indicators (extent and biodiversity coverage of protected areas, sustainable forest management, responses to IAS, and biodiversity-related aid), although progress has slowed in some cases. Multiple factors contributed to this failure to meet the target, including inadequate targeting, funding and implementation of biodiversity policies, lack of mainstreaming of biodiversity across all sectors, and failure to account suffiently for the economic value of biodiversity in decision making.
JRC Institute:Institute for Environment and Sustainability

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