Title: EU-US Differences in the Size of R&D-intensive Firms: Do they Explain the Overall R&D Intensity Gap?
Authors: ORTEGA-ARGILÉS RaquelBRANDSMA Andries
Citation: SCIENCE AND PUBLIC POLICY vol. 37 no. 6 p. 429-441
Publisher: BEECH TREE PUBLISHING
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC57666
ISSN: 0302-3427
URI: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/beech/spp/
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC57666
DOI: 10.3152/030234210X508633
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: The average firm size of the top R&D investors among US-based companies is smaller than that of the EU-based firms. Does this help to explain why the US has a greater R&D intensity, or is the higher firm size in the EU, just as its lower R&D intensity, determined by the sectors in which the top R&D investors are operating? Using data on the top-R&D investors from the 2006 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard, the size differential between R&D performers in the EU and US is more closely examined. A first observation is that, despite great differences between sectors, the overall distribution of companies' R&D investments in both economies is remarkably similar, as opposed to the distribution of the R&D/sales ratios. In the US as well as in the EU, smaller sized Scoreboard companies tend to spend a larger proportion of their income from sales on R&D.
JRC Institute:Institute for Prospective Technological Studies

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