Title: Hardening of GNSS based trackers - An Exploratory Research Project on options concerning more resilient position reporting devices
Authors: KROENER UlrichBERGONZI ClaudioFORTUNY GUASCH JoaquimGIULIANI RaimondoLITTMANN FrancoisSHAW DavidSYMEONIDIS Dimitrios
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2010
JRC Publication N°: JRC58733
ISBN: 978-92-79-15878-0
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 24390 EN
OPOCE LB-NA-24390-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC58733
DOI: 10.2788/97633
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Civilian GNSS based real-time tracking systems are presently used in a number of fields, such as the fisheries Vessel Monitoring System (VMS), the maritime Automatic Identification System (AIS), and the transportation of dangerous goods. Any such tracker is composed of a GNSS receiver module and a wireless communications module for transmission of positions. Every GNSS-based tracker is vulnerable to tampering. Modelling such trackers, one identifies multiple ways that an adversary could use to introduce false tracking information. This document summarises an array of vulnerabilities and options for hardening such trackers, such as against fake GNSS signals, physical tampering, side channel attacks, and the substitution of position reports. It presents several tracker designs.
JRC Institute:Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen

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