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|Title:||Current Status of Gross Alpha/Beta Activity Analysis in Water Samples: A Short Overview of Methods|
|Authors:||JOBBAGY VIKTOR; WAETJEN Uwe; MERESOVA JANA|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF RADIOANALYTICAL AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY vol. 286 no. 2 p. 393-399|
|JRC Publication N°:||JRC58934|
|Type:||Contributions to Conferences|
|Abstract:||Gross alpha/beta measurement is one of the simplest radioanalytical procedures which are applied widely as a screening technique in the field of radioecology, environmental monitoring and industrial applications as well. Due to the uncertainties of gross alpha/beta measurements this method is often the subject of discussions and debates. The aim of this work is to collect information about recently used standard and routine methods concerning gross alpha/beta activity determination in drinking waters in order to get an overview about the current situation and evaluate their possibilities. Sample preparation methods - e.g. evaporation, co-precipitation - and detection systems - e.g. gas flow proportional counting, liquid scintillation counting and scintillation counting - are compared on the ground of literature data. In the course of our work, the following parameters were analyzed and discussed: background, counting efficiency, interferences, sample capacity, minimal detectable activity, typical counting time, time demand of sample preparation.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements|
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