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|Title:||Pruebas de situaciones accidentales en combustible de HTR con el dispositivo Küfa (Accident testing of HTR fuel with the KÜFA device)|
|Authors:||KELLERBAUER ALBAN; FREIS Daniel|
|Citation:||Nuclear España no. Mayo 2010 p. 15-18|
|Publisher:||Sociedad Nuclear Española (Spanish Nuclear Society)|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The ceramic and ceramic-like coating materials in modern high-temperature reactor fuel are designed to ensure mechanical stability and retention of fission products under normal and transient conditions, regardless of the radiation damage sustained in-pile. In hypothetical depressurization and loss-of-forced-circulation (D LOFC) accidents, fuel elements of modular high-temperature reactors are exposed to temperatures several hundred degrees higher than during normal operation, causing increased thermo-mechanical stress on the coating layers. At the Institute for Transuranium Elements of the European Commission, a vigorous experimental program is being pursued with the aim of characterizing the performance of irradiated HTR fuel under such accident conditions. A cold finger device (Küfa), operational in ITU¿s hot cells since 2006, has been used to perform heating experiments on eight irradiated HTR fuel pebbles from the AVR experimental reactor and from dedicated irradiation campaigns at the High-Flux Reactor in Petten, The Netherlands. Gaseous fission products are collected in a cryogenic charcoal trap, while volatiles are plated out on a water-cooled condensate plate. A quantitative measurement of the release is obtained by gamma spectroscopy. We highlight experimental results from the Küfa testing as well as the on-going development of new experimental facilities.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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