Title: The Euratom Safeguards On-site Laboratories at the Reprocessing Plants of La Hague and Sellafield
Authors: CASTELEYN KarinDUINSLAEGER LilyAMADOR CELDRAN PedroARBORE' PhilippeCHARE PeterDAHMS EckhardDRINNHAUSEN OlivierEBERLE HeinrichENRIGHT TimothyGUIOT AntonyHILD MarcHORTA DOMENECH JoanLE TERRIER ArnaudLUETZENKIRCHEN KlausMILLET SylvainMOREL SylvainMUNOZ-NIETO SANDOVAL MartaNICHOLL AdrianNUCIFORA SimonaOTTMAR H.POUBLAN DavidRASMUSSEN GertSARLI FrancescoSCHOENFELD JuliaSCHORLE HeleneSCHWALBACH PeterSTREET StephenVAN BELLE PieterZULEGER Evelyn
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC59608
ISBN: 978-92-79-18467-3
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 24609 EN
OPOCE LC-NA-24609-EN-C
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC59608
DOI: 10.2789/11719
Type: eBook
Abstract: In the European Union, nuclear material is reprocessed from irradiated power reactor fuel at two sites ¿ La Hague in France and Sellafield in the United Kingdom. These are the largest nuclear sites within the EU, processing many hundreds of tons of nuclear material in a year. Under the Euratom Treaty, the European Commission has the duty to assure that the nuclear material is only used for declared purposes. The Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER), acting for the Commission, assures itself that the terms of Article 77 of Chapter VII of the Treaty have been complied with. In contrast to the Non Proliferation Treaty, the Euratom Treaty requires to safeguard all civil nuclear material in all EU member states ¿ including the nuclear weapons states. The considerable amount of fissile material separated per year (several tonnes) calls for a stringent system of safeguards measures. The aim of safeguards is to deter diversion of nuclear material from peaceful use by maximizing the chance of early detection. At a broader level, it provides assurance to the public that the European nuclear industry, the EU member states and the European Union honour their legal duties under the Euratom Treaty and their commitments to the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Efficient and effective safeguards measures are essential for the public acceptance of nuclear activities.
JRC Institute:Institute for Transuranium Elements



Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.