Title: Regulating Air Emissions from Ships: The State of the Art on Methodologies, Technologies and Policy Options
Authors: MIOLA ApolloniaCIUFFO BIAGIOGIOVINE EMILIANOMARRA Marleen
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC60732
ISBN: 978-92-79-17733-0
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 24602 EN
OPOCE LB-NA-24602-EN-C
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC60732
DOI: 10.2788/4171
Type: JRC Reference Reports
Abstract: In recent years public concerns regarding the environmental impacts of maritime transport have increased. This is because maritime transport is the fifth largest contributor to air pollution and carbon emissions, and the growth rate of trade makes the problem even more pressing. However, considerable environmental improvements can be obtained by changing shipping practices. Current policy actions targeting issues such as emissions relate mainly to the quality of fuel used and to the available technological options. Market based instruments such as emissions trading are under discussion at international level within the IMO. Furthermore, the inclusion of the maritime transport sector within the EU Emission Trading Scheme is on the agenda of the EU strategy to address GHGs. The complexity of air pollution and climate change policies for the international maritime transport sector calls for a wide range of considerations to be taken into account requiring policymakers: 1) to set binding long-term emission reduction goals, 2) to take action in a flexible manner, 3) to ensure knowledge and technology sharing of innovative practices, and 4) transparency, administrative feasibility. This Reference Report summarises the main findings of a research activity carried out over several years and provides a reference framework of the analytical tools for regulating air emissions from ships. It sketches the ¿state of the art¿ with regard to the main methodological aspects of designing policy measures to regulate air emissions from maritime transport. These are: identification of the impacts; estimation of emissions, and identification and selection of technological and policy options to abate air emissions from ships. The overall aim of this Report is to provide analytical tools to help define a policy strategy to regulate air emissions from ships, by providing various insights into how to design and apply policy efficient and equitable instruments.
JRC Institute:Institute for Environment and Sustainability

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