Title: Handbook of Tsunami Evacuation Planning - SCHEMA (Scenarios for Hazard-induced Emergencies Management), Project n° 030963, Specific Targeted Research Project, Space Priority
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC61202
ISBN: 978-92-79-19086-5
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 24707 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC61202
DOI: 10.2788/34292
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: This handbook is dedicated to provide thorough and hands-on information in order to produce fully-comprehensive methodology of tsunami evacuation plan generation. Hence community-employed decision makers or similar stakeholders are supplied with a detailed guideline to implement a fully-fledged evacuation plan within three stages : set-up of valid first instance of evacuation plan, mid-term revision, and long-term revision and integration. Local tsunami risk assessment and all subsequent implications on evacuation planning are based on (1) knowing the to-be-expected tsunami wave height, and (2) the to-be-expected arrival time of the first devastating tsunami wave. The first parameter helps to calculate the area at risk ; the second parameter gives an indication of how fast the evacuation has to take place. Consequently, the evacuation plan instance must guarantee that a certain number of affected persons has to be brought onto safe areas within a given time limit. Safe areas (shelters) are higher located places, either on natural ground, or on artificially built-up constructions including building higher than three stores. Evacuation has to take place on a given network of suitable roads or paths. In this context, if necessary, the methodology foresees also the inclusion of additionally to be built escape routes and/or safe places in order to produce a fully working evacuation plan that fulfills the basic requirements. The methodology also explains how to implement a valid instance of evacuation plan by marking the identified escape routes and shelters in reality, and how to disseminate all information to the affected population. Within a mid-term review the evacuation plan has to be maintained constantly and appropriate authority-own measures have to be guaranteed. The long-term review, finally, keeps track of all other information needed to run the evacuation plan properly : integration with early-warning systems, integration with other emergency plans, checking of legal obligations. In addition, the whole evacuation plan must be reviewed together with the affected population and a maximum of acceptance be obtained. In this contaxt, and if necessary, adaptations should be made in order to guarantee the well-functioning of the whole plan within its best performance.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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