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|Title:||Optimizing Tsunami Evacuation Plans through the Use of Damage Scenarios|
|Authors:||SCHEER Stefan; GUILLANDE Richard; GARDI Annalisa|
|Citation:||Earthzine no. Theme Issue 2011(1). "Disaster Management" p. 12|
|Publisher:||IEEE Committee on Earth Observation|
|JRC Publication N°:||JRC64074|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Civil protection authorities need guidance in order to establish comprehensive emergency plans for tsunami-prone communities. In particular, the safe evacuation of all potentially affected persons prior to the arrival of the first devastating tsunami wave should be the primary goal in case of a tsunami alert. Evacuation is usually done on basis of well developed evacuation plans that operate on a given topography. This may be counterchecked through mathematical simulation, and further optimization of the plan may be achieved through the inclusion of additional safe areas (shelters) and/or appropriate escape routes within the plan. Recent research carried out in the framework of the European SCHEMA project suggests the inclusion of hazard and damage scenarios as these may identify suitable vertical shelters, suitable escape routes and even expected accumulation of debris.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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