Title: NDT Study of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steels
Citation: Journal of Physics: Conference Series vol. 262 no. 1 p. 012034
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC64091
ISSN: 1742-6588 (Print), 1742-6596 (Online)
URI: http://iopscience.iop.org/1742-6596/262/1/012034
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/262/1/012034
Type: Contributions to Conferences
Abstract: Various oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steels (PM2000, MA956, ODM751 and ODS Eurofer) have been investigated using positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. Preliminary characterization of the vacancy type defects and the yttria nanoparticles are reported in this paper. The interpretation of the experimental data considers also the results of magnetic Barkhausen noise (BN) measurements as well as SEM and TEM investigations. Significant differences due to the presence of the yttria oxides (namely Y2O3) were observed in the studied materials in comparison to conventional ferritic/martensitic steels (e.g. Eurofer). Higher positron mean lifetime in ODS steels is, however, not only due to the presence of dispersoids, but also a result of vacancy agglomeration (clusters of 6-8 vacancies) which have been confirmed in recrystallised ODM751 and MA956 materials. On the other hand, positron trapping at dislocations was observed in the as-extruded ODS Eurofer in contrast to the other, recrystallised, materials where the high temperature treatment had led to the static recovery of these defects. It is suggested that some defects which are present (dislocations, vacancy clusters and dispersoids) and affect positron trapping in the materials are also important pinning sites for the magnetic domains. This is reflected by a shift of the signal peak in the BN spectra. The present complementary study provides more comprehensive information about materials microstructure and can support the interpretation of the physical/mechanical testing results (hardness, fracture mechanics etc.) obtained on these materials.
JRC Institute:Institute for Energy and Transport

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