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|Title:||Dynamical Patterns of Cattle Trade Movements|
|Authors:||BAJARDI Paolo; BARRAT Alain; NATALE Fabrizio; SAVINI Lara; COLIZZA Vittoria|
|Citation:||PLOS ONE vol. 6 no. 5|
|Publisher:||PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Despite their importance for the spread of zoonotic diseases, our understanding of the dynamical aspects characterizing the movements of farmed animal populations remains limited as these systems are traditionally studied as static objects and through simplified approximations. By leveraging on the network science approach, here we are able for the first time to fully analyze the longitudinal dataset of Italian cattle movements that reports the mobility of individual animals among farms on a daily basis. The complexity and inter-relations between topology, function and dynamical nature of the system are characterized at different spatial and time resolutions, in order to uncover patterns and vulnerabilities fundamental for the definition of targeted prevention and control measures for zoonotic diseases. Results show how the stationarity of statistical distributions coexist with a strong and non-trivial evolutionary dynamics at the node and link levels, on all timescales. Traditional static views of the displacement network hide important patterns of structural changes affecting nodes centrality and farms¿ spreading potential, thus preventing the definition of efficient interventions based on system¿s information that is partially sampled in time. By taking fully into account the longitudinal dimension, we propose a novel definition of dynamical motifs that is able to uncover the presence of a temporal arrow describing the evolution of the system and the causality of its displacements, shedding light on the mechanisms that may play a crucial role in the definition of preventive actions.|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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