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dc.contributor.authorMARELLI Luisaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMULLIGAN DECLANen_GB
dc.contributor.authorEDWARDS Roberten_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-03T01:01:02Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-02en_GB
dc.date.available2011-12-03T01:01:02Z-
dc.date.created2011-11-15en_GB
dc.date.issued2011en_GB
dc.date.submitted2011-03-25en_GB
dc.identifier.isbn978-92-79-20240-7 (print), 978-92-79-20241-4 (pdf)en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1018-5593 (print), 1831-9424 (pdf)en_GB
dc.identifier.otherEUR 24816 ENen_GB
dc.identifier.otherOPOCE LB-NA-24816-EN-C (print), LB-NA-24816-EN-N (pdf)en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC64429-
dc.description.abstractUnder request of DG ENER and CLIMA, the JRC organised in November 2010 an expert consultation, grouping world-recognised academics and experts in the field on Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) effects caused by increased use of biofuels. This consultation aimed at discussing the main uncertainties related to ILUC estimations and to answer to the questions addressed in the public consultation. The two days discussions focused in particular on the following items: 1. Land use change and greenhouse gas emissions (methodologies, datasets and uncertainties to locate ILUC and calculate GHG emissions) 2. Agro-economic modelling and uncertainties 3. Policy options The final discussions addressed policy issues, in particular:- • Does the modelling provide a good basis for determining how significant indirect land use change is? • Are the impacts significant? • Can we differentiate between bioethanol/biodiesel, feedstocks, geographical areas, production methods? The experts unanimously agreed that, even when uncertainties are high, all indicators point towards the existence of a significant ILUC effect and the magnitude of this effect is crop-specific. The sustainability criteria in the Renewable Energy and Fuel quality Directives limit Direct Land Use Change, but they are ineffective to avoid ILUC, and therefore additional policy measures are necessary. The use of a factor which attributes a quantity of greenhouse gas emissions to crop-specific biofuels was the favourite option discussed, but it was also agreed that policies should incentivise good agricultural practices, land management C-mitigation strategies and intensification on pasture lands. On the other hand, the experts agreed that the increase of the GHG threshold will have only a limited effect on ILUC reduction.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipJRC.F.8-Renewable Energy (Ispra)en_GB
dc.format.mediumOnlineen_GB
dc.languageENGen_GB
dc.publisherPublications Office of the European Unionen_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJRC64429en_GB
dc.titleCritical Issues in Estimating ILUC Emissions - Outcomes of an Expert Consultationen_GB
dc.typeEUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reportsen_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.2788/19870 (print), 10.2788/20381 (pdf)en_GB
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate



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