Title: A network-based analysis of the impact of structural damage on urban accessibility following a disaster: the case of the seismically damaged Port Au Prince and Carrefour urban road networks
Authors: BONO FlavioGUTIERREZ TENREIRO Eugenio
Citation: JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY vol. 19 no. 6 p. 1443–1455
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC64616
ISSN: 0966-6923
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC64616
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2011.08.002
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: The magnitude 7.0 earthquake that struck Haiti in January 2010 led to an unprecedented effort in collecting and providing geographical information in support of humanitarian aid. Although most of the compiled datasets and generated maps were able to provide specific and detailed information regarding the location of damaged buildings and road interruptions, none or little information was available to describe the accessibility —or otherwise— of the urban space. Here we try to offer an alternative method to define the urban accessibility landscape in the aftermath of earthquake damage, by combining simple graph theory concepts and GIS-based spatial analysis to assess how the urban space accessibility decreases when the road network is damaged.
JRC Institute:Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen

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