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|Title:||Innovation in Safeguards R&D and EU Contributions to Strengthening the Global Safeguards System|
|Authors:||JANSSENS Willem; COJAZZI Giacomo; SEVINI Filippo; VERSINO Cristina|
|Citation:||Symposium on International Safeguards: Preparing for Future Verification Challenges p. 1-9|
|Publisher:||International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||To address the safeguards challenges in a changing and transnational world, there is a need to combine the "classical" safeguards technologies, with new approaches and tools, which in some cases try to "think outside the box". Research and Development performed by the European Commission Joint Research Centre in this area, include advanced monitoring techniques, open source information and satellite imagery analysis, use of trade data and risk based assessment of sensitive technologies. A number of developments are done in close collaboration with its colleagues in other Directorate General of the European Commission (ENER, RELEX, DEVCO, TRADE etc), with the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA), with IAEA, US-DOE, with facility operators and other international collaborations. This paper will illustrate a few of the latest developments with the example of "monitoring uranium enrichment facilities and related activities". A second part of the paper, describes the legal framework and instruments, at the disposal of the European Union, which support the developments to address the challenges and which seek to implement programmes to address global threats.|
|JRC Institute:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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