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|Title:||Energy intensities and carbon dioxide emissions in a Social Accounting Matrix model of the Andalusian economy|
|Authors:||CARDENETE FLORES MANUEL ALEJANDRO; FUENTES Patricia; POLO Clemente|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY vol. 16 no. 3 p. 378-386|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The aim of this article is to calculate energy intensities and CO2 emissions in Andalusia, the largest and most populated region of Spain. Energy intensities for five energy commodities in production activities are calculated using a SAM model with three alternative closure rules. More interestingly, it also provides estimates of CO2 emissions using data of 2005, ten years away of the base year, by updating the values of exogenous accounts. Finally, some counterfactual experiments are performed to quantify of overall reductions in the size of direct energy coefficients in the production sectors) that would have made possible to keep constant emissions from 1995 to 2005. The results obtained indicate there is a strong interdependence among energy sectors, the most intensive energy users, and the importance of induced effects when factors accounts and private consumption are endogenous. Concerning CO2 emissions, the estimates obtained are close to official ones both in 1995 and 2005, ten years away from the base year. The counterfactual experiments indicate that a 26.5 % cut in the size of direct energy requirements would have made possible to maintain emissions constant. They also indicate efforts to curtail emissions should be addressed to improve efficiency in coal and oil refining direct coefficients.|
|JRC Institute:||Growth and Innovation|
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