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|Title:||Gene-associated markers provide tools for tackling IUU fishing and false eco-certification|
|Authors:||NIELSEN Einar Eg; MARTINSOHN Jann; MAC AOIDH EOIN; CARIANI Alessia; MAES Gregory; OGDEN Rob; BARGELLONI Luca; BEKKEVOLD Dorte; TINTI Fausto; CARVALHO Gary R.; MILANO Ilaria; TAYLOR Martin; HEMMER-HANSEN Jakob; BABBUCCI Massimilliano; DIOPERE Eveline; GRENFELL Leonie; HEYLAR Sarah; LIMBORG Morten; MCEWING Ross; PANITZ Frank; PARTANELLO Tomaso; VAN HOUDT Jeroen Kj; VLOCKAERT Filip; WAPLES Robin S|
|Citation:||NATURE COMMUNICATIONS vol. 3 p. 1-6|
|Publisher:||NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has played a major role in the overexploitation of global fish populations. In response, international regulations have been imposed and many fisheries have been “eco-certified” by consumer organisations, but methods for independent control of catch certificates and eco-labels are urgently needed. Here we show that by using gene- associated Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), individual marine fish can be assigned back to population of origin with unprecedented high levels of precision. By applying high differentiation SNP assays in four commercial marine fish on a pan-European scale we find 93-100% of individuals could be correctly assigned to origin in policy-driven case studies. We show how case- targeted SNP assays can be created and forensically validated using a centrally maintained and publicly available database. Our results demonstrate how application of gene-associated markers will likely revolutionise origin assignment and become highly valuable tools for fighting illegal fishing and mislabelling worldwide.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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