Title: Gene-associated markers provide tools for tackling IUU fishing and false eco-certification
Authors: NIELSEN Einar EgMARTINSOHN JannMAC AOIDH EOINCARIANI AlessiaMAES GregoryOGDEN RobBARGELLONI LucaBEKKEVOLD DorteTINTI FaustoCARVALHO Gary R.MILANO IlariaTAYLOR MartinHEMMER-HANSEN JakobBABBUCCI MassimillianoDIOPERE EvelineGRENFELL LeonieHEYLAR SarahLIMBORG MortenMCEWING RossPANITZ FrankPARTANELLO TomasoVAN HOUDT Jeroen KjVLOCKAERT FilipWAPLES Robin S
Citation: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS vol. 3 p. 1-6
Publisher: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC67508
ISSN: 2041-1723
URI: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/journal/v3/n5/pdf/ncomms1845.pdf
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC67508
DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1845
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has played a major role in the overexploitation of global fish populations. In response, international regulations have been imposed and many fisheries have been “eco-certified” by consumer organisations, but methods for independent control of catch certificates and eco-labels are urgently needed. Here we show that by using gene- associated Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), individual marine fish can be assigned back to population of origin with unprecedented high levels of precision. By applying high differentiation SNP assays in four commercial marine fish on a pan-European scale we find 93-100% of individuals could be correctly assigned to origin in policy-driven case studies. We show how case- targeted SNP assays can be created and forensically validated using a centrally maintained and publicly available database. Our results demonstrate how application of gene-associated markers will likely revolutionise origin assignment and become highly valuable tools for fighting illegal fishing and mislabelling worldwide.
JRC Institute:Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.