Title: Interpreting methane variations in the past two decades using measurements of CH4 mixing ratio and isotopic composition
Citation: ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS vol. 11 no. 17 p. 9141-9153
Publication Year: 2011
JRC N°: JRC68596
ISSN: 1680-7316
URI: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/9141/2011/acp-11-9141-2011.html
DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-9141-2011
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The availability 13C-CH4 measurements from atmospheric samples has significantly improved in recent years, which allows the construction of time series spanning up to about 2 decades. We have used these measurements to investigate the cause of the methane growth rate decline since 1980, with a special focus on the period 1998–2006 when the methane growth came to a halt. The constraints provided by the CH4 and 13C-CH4 measurements are used to construct hypothetical source and sink scenarios, which are translated into corresponding atmospheric concentrations using the atmospheric transport model TM3 for evaluation against the measurements. The base scenario, composed of anthropogenic emissions according to EDGAR 4.0, constant emissions from natural sources, and a constant atmospheric lifetime, overestimates the observed global growth rates of CH4 and 13C-CH4 by, respectively, 10 ppb yr−1 and 0.02‰yr−1 after the year 2000. It proves difficult to repair this inconsistency by modifying trends in emissions only, notably because a temporary reduction of isotopically light sources, such as natural wetlands, leads to a further increase of 13C-CH4. Furthermore, our results are difficult to reconcile with the estimated increase of 5 TgCH4 yr−1 in emissions from fossil fuel use in the period 2000–2005. On the other hand, we find that a moderate (less than 5% per decade) increase in the global OH concentration can bring the model in agreement with the measurements for plausible emission scenarios. This study demonstrates the value of global monitoring of methane isotopes, and calls for further investigation into the role OH and anthropogenic emissions to further improve our understanding of methane variations in recent years.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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