Title: The EU Legislation on GMOs: an overview - Update December 2011
Authors: PLAN DAMIENVAN DEN EEDE Guy
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC68719
ISBN: 978-92-79-23120-9 (PDF)
978-92-79-23124-7 (epub)
ISSN: 1018-5593 (print)
1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 25228 EN
OPOCE LB-NA-25228-EN-N (PDF); LB-NA-25228-EN-E (epub)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC68719
DOI: 10.2788/14065 (PDF)
10.2788/14129 (epub)
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Genetic modification, also known as "genetic engineering” or “recombinant-DNA technology” allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another, also between non-related species. The products obtained from this technology are commonly called "Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are officially defined in the EU legislation as "organisms in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating or natural recombination". The application of this technology is strictly regulated and the European Union has established an extensive legal framework on GMOs since the early 1990s. This specific legislation has two main objectives: - To protect health and the environment : a genetically modified organism (GMO) or a food product derived from a GMO can only be put on the market in the EU after it has been authorised on the basis of a detailed EU procedure based on a scientific assessment of the risks to health and the environment. - To ensure the free movement of safe and healthy genetically modified products in the European Union: once authorised on the basis of the strict EU GMO authorisation procedure, genetically modified products can be placed on the whole EU market. The entire corpus of European GMO legislation has been amended between 2000 and 2003, leading to the creation of a whole updated EU legal framework on GMOs as of 2003. The present report provides an overview of the key provisions of this extensive EU legislation on GMOs.
JRC Institute:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection

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