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|Title:||Global governance of soil resources as a necessary condition for sustainable development|
|Authors:||MONTANARELLA Luca; VARGAS Ronald|
|Citation:||CURRENT OPINION IN ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY vol. 4 p. 1-6|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||In the current era of multiple crises, from food price, through climate change to economic failure, policy makers around the world are exploring opportunities to make a shift to a green economy. The international community is seeking new ways of developing the concept of sustainable development up to and beyond the Earth Summit in 2012, mainly with regards to practical ways for the coherent implementation of the three pillars of sustainability, moving away from trade-offs to synergies between the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development. Within that context, special attention to global soil resources should be paid, given that global soil resources constitutes the basis for the provision of ecosystem services and at the same time are limited and currently under pressure by various threats including competing land uses, like energy production, housing and infrastructure, nature protection, mining and industrial activities. Future food security for a growing population can only be assured if sufficient area of fertile soils and water will be available for food production. Available legal frameworks for soil protection at national and regional level seem not to be able to regulate the current use of soil resources in order to assure long- term sustainability. A new framework is needed based on partnership and participatory approaches at all levels, from the local to the global scale, enabling sustainable soil management at all levels and for the different land use activities. A new Global Soil Partnership (GSP), as proposed by the FAO and the EU, could be the way forward for a renaissance of soil protection activities assuring the necessary availability of soil resources also for future generations.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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