Title: Catalytic Air Freshening Diffusers Based on Isopropyl Alcohol - A Major Source of Acetone Indoors
Authors: GEISS OtmarDEL CACHO CARMENBARRERO Josefa
Citation: AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH p. 1-8
Publisher: TAIWAN ASSOC AEROSOL RES-TAAR
Publication Year: 2013
JRC N°: JRC73174
ISSN: 1680-8584
URI: http://www.aaqr.org/Doi.php?id=AAQR-13-02-OA-0051_proof
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC73174
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2013.02.0051
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Air fresheners are used in indoor environments for masking unpleasant smells. There are several types of air fresheners on the market including those belonging to the family of catalytic diffusers. The fuel of these devices is frequently 2-methylpropanol, which, while operating, is oxidised to acetone. The acetone emission of a catalytic diffuser was measured for two fragrances under controlled laboratory conditions as well as in a private household. Emission rates were 530 mg h-1 and 660 mg h-1 respectively. Acetone concentrations of approximately 700 µg m-3 were measured in a private household three hours after the diffuser was extinguished. Besides isopropyl alcohol, one of the two fragrances contained 2-methylpropanol as a fuel component, which is oxidised to 2-methylpropanal. The emission rate for 2-methylpropanal was 11 mg h-1. Catalytic diffusers containing isopropyl alcohol as fuel were identified as being a relevant indoor source for acetone. Although not a legal requirement, the secondary formation of acetone should be included in product information along with a list of product constituents. As an alternative, a less easily oxidisable solvent could be used.
JRC Directorate:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection

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