Title: Assessment of coastal protection as an ecosystem service in Europe
Authors: LIQUETE GARCIA MARIA DEL CAMINOZULIAN GRAZIADELGADO IreneSTIPS AdolfMAES JOACHIM
Citation: ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS vol. 30 p. 205-217
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC73334
ISSN: 1470-160X
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X13000873
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC73334
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.02.013
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Mapping and assessment of ecosystem services is essential to provide scientific support to global and EU biodiversity policy. Coastal protection has been mostly analysed in the frame of coastal vulnerability studies or in local, habitat-specific assessments. This paper provides a conceptual and methodological approach to assess coastal protection as an ecosystem service at different spatial-temporal scales, and applies it to the entire EU coastal zone. The assessment of coastal protection incorporates 13 biophysical and socio-economic variables from both terrestrial and marine datasets. Those variables define three indicators: coastal protection capacity, coastal exposure and human demand for protection. A questionnaire filled by coastal researchers helped assigning ranks to categorical parameters and weights to the individual variables. The three indicators are then framed into the ecosystem services cascade model to estimate how coastal ecosystems provide protection, in particular describing the service function, flow and benefit. The results are comparative and aim to support integrated land and marine spatial planning. The main drivers of change for the provision of the coastal protection service come from the widespread anthropogenic pressures in the European coastal zone, for which a short quantitative analysis is provided.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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