Title: Job creation and job destruction in EU agriculture
Authors: DRIES LiesbethCIAIAN PAVELKANCS D'ARTIS
Citation: FOOD POLICY vol. 37 no. 6 p. 600–608
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Publication Year: 2012
JRC N°: JRC73851
ISSN: 0306-9192
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306919212000814
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC73851
DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2012.07.007
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: This is the first paper to study job creation and destruction in EU agriculture. We disaggregate gross employment patterns and net job flows into detailed intra-sectoral labour adjustment dynamics based on a unique EU-wide farm level panel dataset for 1990-2005. We find that: (1) job creation and destruction rates in EU agriculture are comparable to other sectors; (2) there is some evidence of ongoing substitution of family labour for hired labour (3) there are important differences in job creation and destruction rates between different Member States; (4) these differences can be attributed to structural differences across countries, sectors and farm types; (5) time variation of job reallocation fluctuates countercyclically; (6) idiosyncratic effects are the main driver of time variance in job reallocation.
JRC Institute:Institute for Prospective Technological Studies

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