Title: LUCAS Topoil Survey - methodology, data and results
Authors: TOTH GergelyJONES ArwynMONTANARELLA LucaALEWELL ChristineBALLABIO CRISTIANOCARRE FlorenceDE BROGNIEZ DELPHINEGUICHARNAUD RANNVEIG ANNAGARDI CiroHERMANN TAMASMEUSBURGER KatrinNOCITA MARCOPANAGOS PanagiotisRUSCO EzioSTEVENS AntoineVAN LIEDEKERKE Marcvan Wesemael BasWEYNANTS MÉLANIE MARIE AYIGINI YUSUF
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2013
JRC N°: JRC83529
ISBN: 978-92-79-32542-7
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 26102
OPOCE LB-NA-26102-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC83529
DOI: 10.2788/97922
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: In 2009, the European Commission extended the periodic Land Use/Land Cover Area Frame Survey (LUCAS) to sample and analyse the main properties of topsoil in 23 Member States of the European Union (EU). This topsoil survey represents the first attempt to build a consistent spatial database of the soil cover across The EU based on standard sampling and analytical procedures, with the analysis of all soil samples being carried out in a single laboratory. Approximately 20,000 points were selected out of the main LUCAS grid for the collection of soil samples. A standardised sampling procedure was used to collect around 0.5 kg of topsoil (0-20 cm). The samples were dispatched to a central laboratory for physical and chemical analyses. Subsequently, Malta and Cyprus provided soil samples even though the main LUCAS survey was not carried on their territories. Cyprus has adapted the sampling methodology of LUCAS-Topsoil for (the southern part of the island) while Malta adjusted its national sampling grid to correspond to the LUCAS standards. Bulgaria and Romania have been sampled in 2012. However, the analysis is ongoing and the results are not included in this report.The final database contains 19,967 geo-referenced samples. This report provides a detailed insight to the design and methodology of the data collection and laboratory analysis. All samples have been analysed for the percentage of coarse fragments, particle size distribution (% clay, silt and sand content), pH (in CaCl2 and H2O), organic carbon (g/kg), carbonate content (g/kg), phosphorous content (mg/kg), total nitrogen content (g/kg), extractable potassium content (mg/kg), cation exchange capacity (cmol(+)/kg) and multispectral properties. Subsequently, heavy metal content is being analysed but the result are not yet available and thus not included in this report. Based on the results of the survey, the regional variability of topsoil properties within the EU has been assessed and a comparative soil assessment of European regions and countries is presented. A series of predictive maps have been prepared using digital soil mapping methodologies that show the variation of individual parameters across the EU. In addition, the data have been used in studies to determine the SOC stock of the uppermost 20 cm of soil in the EU. While the LUCAS approach is designed for monitoring land use/land cover change, potential bias in the sampling design may not necessarily capture all soil characteristics in a country. Finally, a customised application has been developed for web browsers that allow users to view and query the LUCAS dataset in a variety of ways.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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