Title: Guidance on Monitoring of Marine Litter in European Seas
Authors: HANKE GeorgGALGANI FrancoisWERNER StefanieOOSTERBAAN LexNILSSON PerFLEET DavidKINSEY SueTHOMPSON RichardPALATINUS AndrejaVAN FRANEKER Jan AndriesVLACHOGIANNI ThomaisSCOULLOS MichaelVEIGA Joana MiraMATIDDI MarcoALCARO LuigiMAES ThomasKORPINEN SamuliBUDZIAK AniaLESLIE HeatherGAGO JesusLIEBEZEIT Gerd
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2013
JRC N°: JRC83985
ISBN: 978-92-79-32710-0 (print) 978-92-79-32709-4 (pdf)
ISSN: 1018-5593 (print) 1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 26113
OPOCE LB-NA-26113-EN-C (print) LB-NA-26113-EN-N (online)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC83985
DOI: 10.2788/99816 (print) 10.2788/99475 (pdf)
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires European Member States (MS) to develop strategies that should lead to programmes of measures that achieve or maintain Good Environmental Status (GES) in European Seas. As an essential step reaching good environmental status, MS should establish monitoring programmes for assessment, enabling the state of the marine waters concerned to be evaluated on a regular basis. As a follow up to the Commission Decision on criteria and methodological standards on good environmental status (GES) of marine waters (Commission Decision 2010/477/EU), the Marine Directors requested the Directorate-General for the Environment (DG ENV) in 2010 to establish a Technical Subgroup (TSG) under the Working Group on Good Environmental Status (WG GES) for further development of Descriptor 10 Marine Litter (TSG-ML). TSG-ML in 2011 focused on providing advise through the EU Report 25009 “Marine Litter – Technical Recommendations for the implementation of MSFD requirements”. Within that report the options and available tools for the monitoring of marine litter in the different environmental compartments have been identified. Member States have then requested a follow-up through an additional mandate. One scope of this work is to provide harmonized protocols for the monitoring of marine litter for the European Seas. The present document is the Monitoring Guidance for Marine Litter in European Seas (Draft Report) and provides MS with the recommendations and information needed to commence the monitoring required this aspect of MSFD. This draft report divided in 8 sections/chapters presents a general overview of approaches and strategies dealing with marine litter monitoring and provides protocols for the monitoring of specifically: beach litter, floating litter, seafloor litter, litter in biota, microlitter. It concludes by presenting an introduction to a Master List of all litter items for use in litter monitoring programmes in the European marine environment.
JRC Institute:Institute for Environment and Sustainability

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