Title: The game of trading jobs for emissions
Authors: ARTO OLAIZOLA IGNACIORUEDA CANTUCHE JOSEANDREONI ValeriaMONGELLI IGNAZIOGENTY Aurelien
Citation: ENERGY POLICY vol. 66 p. 517-525
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC88395
ISSN: 0301-4215
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513011531
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC88395
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.046
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Following the debate on the implications of international trade for global climate policy, this paper introduces the topic of the economic benefits from trade obtained by exporting countries in relation to the emissions generated in the production of exports. In 2008, 24% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and 20% of the employment around the world were linked to international trade. China “exported” 30% of emissions and hosted 37.5% of the jobs generated by trade worldwide. The European Union and the United States of America were the destination of 25% and 18.4% of the GHG emissions embodied in trade. The imports of these two regions contributed to the creation of 45% of the employment generated by international trade. This paper proposes the idea of including trade issues in international climate negotiations, taking into account not only the environmental burden generated by developed countries when displacing emissions to developing countries through their imports, but also the economic benefits of developing countries producing the goods exported to developed countries.
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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