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|Title:||Risk-based standards: integrating top–down and bottom–up approaches|
|Authors:||LINKOV Igor; ANKLAM Elke; COLLIER Zachary A.; DIMASE Daniel; RENN Ortwin|
|Citation:||ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS \& DECISIONS vol. 34 no. 1 p. 134-137|
|Publisher:||SPRINGER SCIENCE + BUSINESS MEDIA|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||In response to rapidly changing threats posed to increasingly complex socio-technical systems, many in the government and private sector have called for protection through risk-based standards. However, given the nature of these dynamic and uncertain threats, traditional risk assessment techniques may not be sufficient. Instead, there is a critical need for an integrated approach in which decision analytic techniques are used to assess evidencebased data with the values and preferences of decision makers. We point to three examples in the fields of nuclear power regulation, nanotechnology, and cybersecurity, where risk-based approaches (bottom–up) have been combined with decision analysis (top–down) to guide decision makers toward risk management policies that manifest both the best available evidence and the plurality of values within a society.|
|JRC Directorate:||Health, Consumers and Reference Materials|
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