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|Title:||Changes in Caco-2 cells transcriptome profiles upon exposure to gold nanoparticles|
|Authors:||BAJAK EDYTA; FABBRI Marco; PONTI Jessica; GIORIA Sabrina; OJEA JIMENEZ ISAAC; COLLOTTA Angelo; MARIANI VALENTINA; GILLILAND Douglas; ROSSI Francois; GRIBALDO Laura|
|Citation:||TOXICOLOGY LETTERS vol. 233 no. 2 p. 187-199|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Higher efficacy and safety of nano gold therapeutics require examination of cellular responses to gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). In this work we compared cellular uptake, cytotoxicity and RNA expression patterns induced in Caco-2 cells exposed to AuNP (5 and 30 nm). Cellular internalization was dose and time-dependent for both AuNPs. The toxicitywas observed by colony forming efficiency (CFE) and not by Trypan blue assay, and exclusively for 5 nm AuNPs, starting at the concentration of 200mM (24 and 72 h of exposure). The most pronounced changes in gene expression (Agilent microarrays) were detected at 72 h (300mM) of exposure to AuNPs (5 nm). The biological processes affected by smaller AuNPs were: RNA/zinc ion/transition metal ion binding (decreased), cadmium/copper ion binding and glutathione metabolism (increased). Some Nrf2 responsive genes (several metallothioneins, HMOX, G6PD, OSGIN1 and GPX2) were highly up regulated. Members of the selenoproteins were also differentially expressed. Our findings indicate that exposure to high concentration of AuNPs (5 nm) induces metal exposure, oxidative stress signaling pathways, and might influence selenium homeostasis. Some of detected cellular responses might be explored as potential enhancers of anti-cancer properties of AuNPs based nanomedicines.|
|JRC Directorate:||Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection|
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