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|Title:||Global and time-resolved monitoring of crop photosynthesis with chlorophyll fluorescence|
|Authors:||GUANTER Luis; ZHANG Yongguang; JUNG Martin; JOINER Joanna; VOIGT Maximilian; BERRY Joseph A.; FRANKENBERG Christian; HUETE Alfredo R.; ZARCO TEJADA PABLO JESUS; LEE Jung-Eun; MORAN M. Susan; PONCE-CAMPOS Guillermo; BEER Christian; CAMPS-VALLS Gustavo; BUCHMANN N.; GIANELLE D.; KLUMPP K.; CESCATTI Alessandro; M. BAKERP John; GRIFFIS T.|
|Citation:||PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA vol. 111 no. 14 p. E1327-E1333|
|Publisher:||NATL ACAD SCIENCES|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Photosynthesis is the process by which plants harvest sunlight to pro- duce sugars from carbon dioxide and water. It is the primary source of energy for all life on Earth, hence it is important to understand how this process responds to climate change and human impact. However, model based estimates of gross primary production (GPP, output from photosynthesis) are highly uncertain, in particular over heavily managed agricultural areas. Recent advances in spectroscopy enable the space monitoring of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) from terrestrial plants. Here we demonstrate that space-based SIF retrievals provide a direct measure of the GPP of cropland and grassland ecosystems. Such a strong link with crop photosynthesis is not evident for traditional remotely-sensed vegetation indices, nor for more complex carbon cycle models. We use SIF observations to provide a global perspective on agricultural productivity. Our SIF- based crop GPP estimates are 50 to 75% higher than results from state- of-the-art carbon cycle models over the US Corn Belt and the Indo-Gangetic Plain, implying that current models severely underes- timate the role of management. Our results promise that SIF data can help us improve our global models for more accurate projections of agricultural productivity and climate impact on crop yields. Ex- tension of our approach to other ecosystems, along with increased observational capabilities for fluorescence in the near future, holds the prospect of reducing uncertainties in the modeling of the current and future carbon cycle.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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