Title: Characterization of aerosols from RDD surrogate compounds produced by fast thermal transients
Authors: DI LEMMA FIDELMACOLLE Jean-YvesERNSTBERGER MarkusKONINGS Rudy
Citation: JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY vol. 53 no. 3 p. 391-401
Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC90609
ISSN: 0022-3131
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223131.2015.1050473
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC90609
DOI: 10.1080/00223131.2015.1050473
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Experimental tests have been performed to characterize the aerosols representative of radiological dispersion devices (RDDs, a.k.a. “dirty bombs”) by applying to chosen surrogate compound rapid high temperature transients, vaporizing the sample and forming aerosols mainly by rapid cooling of the vapour. The materials, which were tested in their non-radioactive form, had been chosen from the radioactive sources widely used in industries and nuclear medicine applications, Co, CsCl, Ir and SrTiO3. Our analyses permitted the characterization of the inhalable fraction of the aerosols released, and the study of the influence of cladding materials on the aerosol release and on its characteristics.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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