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|Title:||The covenant of mayors initiative: transition to an energy efficient low carbon future|
|Authors:||KONA ALBANA; MELICA GIULIA; BERTOLDI PAOLO; ZANCANELLA PAOLO; RIVAS CALVETE SILVIA; IANCU ANDREEA; JANSSENS-MAENHOUT Greet|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Nowadays 80% of the EU population lives in urban areas that account for about 70% of the total primary energy demand of the EU. Therefore local governments play a crucial role in mitigating the effects of climate change. Also, cities and towns are recognized to have enormous potential for sustainable energy use, with a positive impact on local economy. The Covenant of Mayors (CoM) is the mainstream European movement involving local authorities voluntarily committing to meet and exceed the European Union 20% CO2 reduction objective by 2020 by increasing energy efficiency and through the use of renewable energy sources on their territories. In order to achieve its CO2 reduction objective, a city that signs the CoM commits to a number of actions such as: to prepare a Baseline Emission Inventory; to submit a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP); to submit an implementation report possibly with a Monitoring Emission Inventory, in order to measure progress towards target. As of mid-May 2014 5,296 local authorities signed the Covenant of Mayors (CoM), for a total of ca. 160 million inhabitants in the EU-28, and ca. 186 million inhabitants in the whole initiative. Given the voluntary aspect and the difficulty of adapting sometimes local specificities into the general proposed framework, not all the data could be considered reliable, therefore a methodology has been developed to build a robust sample. The main statistics presented in this paper derive from a data set built according to a "Methodology for Robust Data Statistics in CoM" developed by JRC, to assess the effectiveness of the CoM initiative in terms of estimated energy savings, clean energy production and emission reduction. Ultimately, the paper aims to emphasize the feature of CoM as a flexible common platform for achieving EU2020 Climate and Energy targets with a bottom-up approach.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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