Title: Consumer empowerment in the fight against the counterfeiting of goods and Intellectual Property Rights infringement
Authors: BALDINI GianmarcoNAI FOVINO Igor
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC100009
ISBN: 978-92-79-54587-0
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 27703
OP LB-NA-27703-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC100009
DOI: 10.2788/413023
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: The objective of this report is provide a survey and analysis of the techniques to empower the consumer in the fight against counterfeiting and IPR infringing products. In this report, the term consumer is used in wide context: consumer can be the generic citizen interested in buying a product, the law enforcer, who want to identify counterfeit goods in the field, a small enterprise evaluating the purchase of a product and so on. This report focuses on techniques to empower the consumer in the field in the presence of the good itself by using technical tools and devices, which are easily available. The report identifies three main categories of empowering tools. The first category is represented by a modern smartphone (or similar device like a tablet) as a tool to empower the consumer in the fight against counterfeiting. The modern smartphone is equipped with a high resolution camera, support for different standards for wireless connectivity, a powerful processor able to support the implementation of sophisticated algorithms and support for NFC and RFID readers. In addition, the smartphone can be integrated and augmented with a wide range of plug-in devices and tools (e.g., an USB microscope). The second category is represented by a wide range of portable products (e.g., portable spectrometers), which can be used for fight against counterfeiting in the field have also appeared in the market. In many cases, these portable produces implement systems only available in forensic labs. The report will also provide an overview of these systems without entering in the details of the specific product by the specific company. A third category of tools is represented by low cost tools, which are different from the previous categories
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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